What is a controlled comparison table? a cross-tabulation table between the original independent and dependent variables for each value of the control variable (Z); it is a cross-tab with more depth, another dimension. It reveals controlled effects of X on Y.Reference page(s): 103 What is a controlled effect? effect of X upon Y, taking Z into account (ie. controlled for Z)Reference page(s): 104 What is a partial effect? numerical value that summarizes a relationship between an X and a Y after taking a Z into account (after controlling for Z)Reference page(s): 105 What is a partial relationship? The relationship between an explanatory variable and a dependent variable, taking into account how other, rival explanations account for variation in the dependent variable.Reference page(s): 105

 What is the rule of direction for nominal relationships? A rule guiding the presentation and interpretation of statistical results. For nominal variables for which there is no greater or lower values (i.e. gender), the value of the variable that defines the left-most column of a cross-tabulation is the base category and effects or differences are stated in relation to the base category.Reference page(s): 105 What is a zero-order relationship? simple comparison between two values in cross tabulation analysis (ex: Democrats' support for gun permits is 18 points higher that of Republicans.)Reference page(s): 103